Volume 95 Issue 5 (October) 2012

Content

Articles

Ladendiebstahlskriminalität von Jungen und Mädchen
Der Erklärungsbeitrag der Power-Control-Theory

[Juvenile Shoplifting and Gender
Propositions Derived from the Power-Control Theory ]

by Helmut Hirtenlehner, Heinz Leitgöb and Johann Bacher

[in German language]

Abstract
Of all offense types, shoplifting is one of the crimes with the smallest gender gap. Yet, males also commit shoplifting more frequently than females. Considering that theft from stores is one of the most common forms of juvenile delinquency, it is astonishing that the roots of the gendered distribution of shoplifting have not been studied extensively. The power-control theory’s focus on gender roles and gendered socialization makes it an obvious candidate for an explanatory approach, although it has never been tested specifically for shoplifting delinquency. Our contribution attempts to close this research gap. Based on a large-scale student survey from Austria, we examine whether the gender gradient of juvenile shoplifting can be explained by propositions derived from the theory. Our results provide more support for the control and risk related arguments of the theory, rather than for its power component.

Keywords: Shoplifting, gender, power-control theory, juvenile delinquency, gendered socialization processes

pp. 207-330

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Korruption als »Situational Action
Eine theoretisch-integrative Erklärung korrupten Verhaltens auf Basis der »Situational Action Theory«

[Corruptive Behaviour as Situational Action
An Integrated Theoretical Explanation of Corruption from Situational Action Theory’s Point of View ]

by Ilka Kammigan and Ruth Linssen

[in German language]

Abstract
This theoretical article aims to explain corruptive behaviour by using Situational Action Theory (SAT), a recently developed general approach to the explanation of crime that combines personal and situational factors. However, rational choice approaches are frequently used to explain corruptive behaviour; therefore, we inspect the compatibility of SAT with the key assumptions of Rational Choice Theory. Furthermore, we examine how neutralization techniques and Institutional-Anomie Theory can be integrated into the theoretical framework of SAT. While neutralization is said to weaken the moral constraints of the actor, and thus facilitate the commission of corruptive acts, Institutional-Anomie Theory can help to reveal the society-level causes of corruption, particularly the influence of a society’s capitalist market orientation. Neutralization techniques, as well as Institutional-Anomie Theory, can be linked to SAT by the element of moral rules, which play a central role in all of the three theories. The concept of integrating the key ideas of both SAT and Institutional-Anomie Theory into a common framework is approved by their respective authors. We conclude that SAT in itself, as well as combined with other criminological approaches, can add to a better understanding of corruption and serve as a theoretical basis for further empirical research in the area.

Keywords: Corruption, Situational Action Theory, Institutional-Anomie Theory, neutralization, rational choice

pp. 331-347

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Die Geburt einer Sinnprovinz der Kriminalität: Die Inquisition im Languedoc

[Provinces of Meaning and Crime: The Inquisition of Languedoc]

by Stephan Quensel

[in German language]

Abstract
In the 13th century, the Roman Catholic Church developed the Inquisition to combat the heretical Cathars and Waldenses in southern France and northern Italy. Instead of relying on traditional accusation processes, the Inquisition developed a »modern«, proto-state instrument of punishment to search for the truth. For this new clerical instrument (1) it was necessary to invent the crime of heresy, together with a new conception of guilt and a new system of punishment (2) by an institution which, in a relatively short time, took on a life of its own with a professionalized apparatus and a conforming ideology (3) to fulfill specific goals of punishment, like positive and negative general prevention, material interests, and functions of political power (4) in a socio-cultural environment, characterized by shattered feudalistic power and mutual tolerance.

Keywords: Inquisition, Cathars, evolution of the criminal justice system, professionalization, function of punishment

pp. 348-362

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Auf dem Prüfstein: Die Umgangsweise der japanischen Regierung mit der Todesstrafe

[Put to the Test: The Japanese Government’s Handling of the Death Penalty]

by Mai Sato

[in German language]

Abstract
This paper examines public attitudes to the death penalty in Japan, and explores the validity of claims about »majority public support« that have been used by the Japanese government to justify retention. This is done by analyzing three public perception surveys on the legitimacy of the Japanese death penalty system. This paper criticizes the Japanese government for accepting its own survey results, which, at face value, appear to show support for the death penalty; moreover, it concludes that the Japanese public would likely endorse the abolition of the death penalty without damaging the legitimacy of state institutions.

Keywords: Death penalty, Japan, survey, legitimacy

pp. 363-377


Coming Events

(Wie) kann man wissen, was wirkt? Jugendstrafrechtspflege zwischen professioneller Wirkungsorientierung und naiven Wirksamkeitsphantasien
Jugendstrafrechtspflegetagung, 11.-13. Januar 2013 in Bad Boll

28. Eickelborner Fachtagung zu Fragen der Forensischen Psychiatrie
Tagung, 6.-8. März 2013 in Lippstadt

Mehr Prävention – weniger Opfer
18. Deutscher Präventionstag, 22.-23. April 2013 in Bielefeld

Devianz als Risiko – Neujustierungen des Umgangs mit Delinquenz und sozialer Auffälligkeit
Hier: Call for Papers bis 31. Januar 2013 Tagung, 19.-21. September 2013 in Siegen

p. 378


Book Reviews

Reinecke, Jost

Wachstumsmodelle
Rainer Hampp Verlag, München und Mering 2012, 101 Seiten

by Heinz Leitgöb, Linz/Austria

pp. 379-381

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Wikström, Per-Olof / Oberwittler, Dietrich / Treiber, Kyle / Hardie, Beth

Breaking Rules The Social and Situational Dynamics of Young People’s Urban Crime
Oxford University Press, Oxford 2012, 479 Seiten

by Helmut Hirtenlehner, Linz/Austria

pp. 382-384

Editorial Board

Professor Dr. iur. Dr. h.c. Hans-Jörg Albrecht, Director, Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law, Freiburg i.Br., Germany

Professor Dr. med. Dr. phil. Helmut Remschmidt, Head of the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Philipps-University Marburg, Germany

Professor Dr. iur. Stephan Quensel, Emeritus, Institute of Sociology, University of Bremen, Co-Director of the Institute for Drug Research Bremen (BISDRO), Germany

Editorial Office

Ulrike Auerbach, Psychologist

Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law
Günterstalstr. 73
D-79100 Freiburg i.Br. / Germany

Phone: +49 (0) 761-7081-0