Volume 95 Issue 4 (August) 2012

Content

Articles

Dimensionale Struktur und prognostische Relevanz der PCL-R in einer Population österreichischer Sexualstraftäter

[Factorial Structure and Predictive Validity of the PCL-R in an Austrian Sexual Offender Population]

by Reinhard Eher, Martin Rettenberger, Helmut Hirtenlehner and Frank Schilling

[in German language]

Abstract
The revised version of Robert D. Hare’s Psychopathy Checklist (PCL-R) is becoming increasingly significant in the risk assessment of sexual and violent offenders. Nevertheless, the factorial structure of the instrument still remains unclear. The aim of the present study is to examine which of the internationally proposed factor models provides the best fit to data collected in a sample of 803 male sexual offenders who were assessed during their imprisonment in Austria. In a next step, in a subsample of 540 sexual offenders, the predictive accuracy of the individual components of psychopathy specified in the diverse factor models for violent and sexual recidivism was comparatively evaluated. The results of both analyses favour the 4-facets-structure suggested by Neumann and colleagues.

Keywords:Psychopathy, PCL-R, factorial structure, predictive validity, sexual offenders

pp. 235-251

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Risikokriminologie

[Risk Criminology]

by Katrin Höffler

[in German language]

Abstract
Many different scientific disciplines invoke the term »risk«. Particularly in the context of delinquent behavior, this raises the question of how risks can be measured, what effects they may have, and, maybe most importantly, how we can deal with these risks. The present study proposes a definition of the notion of risk in the context of criminology; it will also examine – on a micro level – the meaning of »risks« for an individual person and her actions. On a macro level, formal approaches of considering risks in the criminal justice systems will be examined with a particular focus on sociological aspects. In this discussion, it becomes apparent that different scientific disciplines (psychology, forensic psychiatry, sociology and criminal law) have generated different insights on how to manage the delinquency risks. Yet, these insights are often only discussed in different streams of research and haven’t yet been integrated. Although criminology as an interdisciplinary scientific discipline would be particularly suited to study the notion of »risk«, a »risk criminology« has not yet been developed.

Keywords:»risk society«, risk factors, Gottfredson & Hirschi’s General Theory of Crime, micro and macro level, risk management

pp. 252-268

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Verlaufsmessung im sozialtherapeutischen Behandlungsvollzug – Wie sinnvoll sind allgemeine Persönlichkeitsmaße?

[The Suitability of Personality Questionnaires to Measure Within-Treatment Change in Offenders]

by Andreas Schwedler and Martin Schmucker

[in German language]

Abstract
In recent years, interest has increasingly turned to an examination of the mechanisms of change that occur in offender treatment and whether a link can be made between these changes and subsequent rates of recidivism. In Germany, within-treatment change of criminogenic risk factors is regularly measured through the use of common personality questionnaires. The current study explores the suitability of such personality questionnaires in a sample of offenders treated in a German socio-therapeutic facility. Comparing pre-treatment and post-treatment scores, offenders reported significant improvements concerning their mental state and numerous criminogenic factors. These improvements, however, could not be linked to subsequent recidivism. The study concludes that common personality questionnaires are not suitable for assessing change in offender treatment. They are easily distortable, not adapted to specific treatment targets, and lack responsiveness to short and medium term changes. In light of their need in both research and practice, the development of reliable and valid measures to assess treatment targets and within-treatment change remains an important task.

Keywords:Offender treatment, social therapy, treatment targets, within-treatment change, personality questionnaires

pp. 269-280


Research Notes

Bestechung und Bestechlichkeit von Amtsträgern in Griechenland
Das »Eindringen« der Korruption in Politik, Justiz und Gesellschaft

[Active and Passive Bribery of State Officials in Greece
The »invasion« of corruption in politics, law, and society]

by Julie Papastamatelou

[in German language]

Abstract
Over the course of time, a combination of cumulative effects and associated political and economic circumstances lead to different equilibriums in different countries. In Greece, a »corruption trap« seems to have been constructed; this has, in turn, led to the proliferation of »grand and petty corruption«. This trap exists because of factors that are based on the macro, meso, and micro levels of society which appear to have developed (self) dynamics that are very difficult to combat. Greek legislation against passive and active bribery remains ineffective: As data provided by the organization Transparency International states, since its implementation it has not been able to achieve a decrease in the level of corruption. In contrast, in recent years there has been an increase in the level of corruption which, given the financial crisis and the European attention being given to Greece, seems surprising. Several briefly outlined corruption cases shall illustrate the situation.

Keywords:Greece, corruption, active bribery, passive bribery, state officials

pp. 281-293


Report

Folterprävention in Deutschland
Eine erste Bilanz der Arbeit der Nationalen Stelle zur Verhütung von Folter

by Christina Hof und Sarah Mohsen

[in German language]

pp. 294-299


Coming Events

Bullying and Cyberbullying: The Interface between Science and Practice
International Conference, 19 October, 2012 in Vienna/Austria

Klippen der Prävention im Bereich der Jugendkriminalität – Nachsorge im Jugendstrafvollzug
Tagung des Fachverbandes für Soziale Arbeit, Strafrecht und Kriminalpolitik (DBH), 24.-25. Oktober 2012 in Stuttgart

Community Policing as a Tool for Crime Prevention, for Burglaries, Domestic Violence and Juvenile Delinquency
2012 Best Practice Conference of the European Crime Prevention Network (EUCPN), 4-5 December, 2012 in Nicosia/Cyprus

28. Eickelborner Fachtagung zu Fragen der Forensischen Psychiatrie
Tagung, 6-8 March, 2013 in Lippstadt

p. 300


Buchbesprechungen

Dollinger, Willi/Schmidt-Semisch, Henning

Gerechte Ausgrenzung?
Wohlfahrtsproduktion und die neue Lust am Strafen
VS-Verlag, Wiesbaden 2011, 372 Seiten

by Stephan Quensel, Grönwohld

pp. 301-303

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Seitz, Willi/Rautenberg, Marcus

PFI – Persönlichkeitsfragebogen für Inhaftierte
Hogrefe Verlag, Göttingen u.a. 2010, 188 Seiten

by Helmut Kury, Freiburg im Breisgau

pp. 303-306

Editorial Board

Professor Dr. iur. Dr. h.c. Hans-Jörg Albrecht, Director, Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law, Freiburg i.Br., Germany

Professor Dr. med. Dr. phil. Helmut Remschmidt, Head of the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Philipps-University Marburg, Germany

Professor Dr. iur. Stephan Quensel, Emeritus, Institute of Sociology, University of Bremen, Co-Director of the Institute for Drug Research Bremen (BISDRO), Germany

Editorial Office

Ulrike Auerbach, Psychologist

Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law
Günterstalstr. 73
D-79100 Freiburg i.Br. / Germany

Phone: +49 (0) 761-7081-0